- The overarching objective of this study is to propose the water sector-SEA framework from critical factors through A’WOT (SWOT-AHP) analysis for lower IRB.
- The speciﬁc objectives are,
- i)To identify critical factors for the sustainable water resource management of lower IRB through SWOT-AHP analysis.
- ii) To suggest the water sector-SEA framework for lower IRB by integrating the critical factors from SWOT-AHP study.
Supervisor Name: Dr. M. Muneer Babar, Professor, USPCAS-W, MUET, Jamshoro
Sindh Province of Pakistan is the lower riparian of the Indus basin system. The main source of water for irrigation in Sindh is dependent on Indus River. Sindh is suffering from the menace of waterlogging and salinity, low water productivity, land degradation, surface and groundwater pollution, sustainability issues of the river ecosystem and Indus delta resulting in devastating economic, social, and ecological losses. The first part of this research addresses the water sector issues and challenges in Sindh province being riparian state by identifying the critical factors in water resource management through SWOT-AHP analysis conducted from water experts in the region.
The conclusions from this research will help to achieve sustainable water resource planning and management in Sindh province. And in the second part, this research aims to highlight the importance of SEA in policy making process of Pakistan via undertaking a strategic environmental assessment (i.e. to assess the environmental impacts) of the policy to introduce a participatory irrigation management (PIM) in Sindh province. The policy was designed in 1997, and first implemented in Sindh in 2002. The assessment was accomplished by carrying out comparative analysis in which two canals were selected, one with PIM and one without PIM for the assessment. Water availability, groundwater level, waterlogging, salinity, and number of trees on canals were used as environmental variables. The results revealed that the conditions are still same, and no significant improvements have been observed in the environmental variables in the areas with PIM.