- To evaluate the drinking water quality in Hyderabad city for physicochemical and biological
- Identiﬁcation of causes of contamination level and suggest mitigation measures
Supervisor Name: Dr. Rasool Bux Mahar, Professor, USPCAS-W, MUET, Jamshoro
Co-Supervisor Name: Dr. Sheeraz Ahmed Memon
Provision of clean and safe drinking water and hygienic sanitation facilities are important in improving the health and for saving human lives otherwise affected due to consumption of contaminated water. Global statistics shows an alarming situation for poor and vulnerable communities because of lack of easy access to potable water and proper sanitation as per standards set by World Health Organization (WHO). Problem of water pollution is mainly because of two factors i.e. decrease in water supplies and increase in water demand from all sectors, therefore deterioration of water quality. Water from various sources such as rivers and ground in Pakistan is unfit for human consumption because of inferior quality.
In this study, Hyderabad city was selected as study area to identify the available water resources, to monitor water supply system and to evaluate the drinking water quality. Sampling locations were marked using Google Earth and GPS. Water samples were secured from four water treatment plants and their service areas and analyzed for various water quality parameters. Physical parameters were checked for three months at monthly interval. Parameters viz. temperature, electrical conductivity, pH and turbidity were checked in the field during sampling while TDS was checked in the laboratory. Biological and chemical testing were also performed by standard sampling methods.
The results of many samples showed that the values for various parameters exceeded National Drinking Water Quality Standards (NEQS) and among all the parameters turbidity and total coliform were significantly higher. This research is aimed to contribute towards achievement of sustainable development goal of clean water for all. The results of this research may be used by WASA Hyderabad to address the pressing issue of water quality.