Ms. Hiba Muzammil

15-MS-ENVE-03

Degree Program

MS - Environmental Engineering

District - Province

Sanghar, Sindh

Email Address

[email protected]

Socio Econamic and Health Impact Assessment of Environmental Degradation of Manchar Lake
  1. To determine the impact of Manchar lake water degradation on the socioeconomic conditions of the people living near the lake.
  2. To assess the impact of Manchar lake water on the health of people.
  3. To suggest mitigation measures to improve the health and socio economic conditions of people dependent on the

Supervisor Name: Ms. Uzma Imran, Assistant Professor, USPCAS-W, MUET, Jamshoro

Co-Supervisor Name: Dr. Asmatullah, Assistant Professor, USPCAS-W, MUET, Jamshoro

The aim of this study was to assess socio-economic and health impacts degraded water quality of Manchar Lake on people of the neighborhoods that are directly or indirectly dependent on the lake for their living. For this purpose, the water-related health data were collected through questionnaire surveys of 210 households using stratified random sampling technique. The survey was conducted from the inhabitants living in boat houses, huts on lake bank, and in nearby villages. Additional data were also collected through focus group discussions and local doctors. The data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and health impacts of lake water degradation on men, women, and children were assessed.

The results showed that 24% of the people were engaged in fishing followed by 17% people earning their living through day labor in the nearby cities, restaurants and shops on the lake bank; 39% of the respondents were unemployed, majority being women. Moreover; 61% of the respondents had annual income in the range ofRs. l000-5000 and that 63% of the men in the houses had migrated to other cities for finding the jobs due to poor financial conditions. The chi-square result in SPSS showed a significant association between the place of living and occupation. However; 52% of the general population from huts on Lake Bank, 50% respondents from villages near to lake and 66% from the boat houses were suffering from malnutrition.47% of the people from the huts on Lake Bank, 30% from the villages near to lake and 77% of the boat house people showed different types of skin diseases.

Besides, health status of 63% women and 36% children could be directly or indirectly attributed to malnutrition. 48% of the children in a similar vein, 43% of women and 7% of men are involved in skin diseases. Children were significantly affected as compared to women and men by lake water due to degraded water quality, unhygienic conditions, and poverty since their businesses are associated with Manchar Lake. Livelihood, health and water quality improvement interventions are required to avoid any disease outburst. Adoption of a community-based preservation method along with substitute livelihood strategies and a detailed assessment of health impacts need to be carried out because most people living in the surroundings visit hospital only if they physically feel sick rather than going for routine checkups.