Impact Assessment Study

Preparation of an Integrated Development Plan for Barani Areas of the Punjab Terms of Reference for the

“Impact Assessment Study”

Background

The Punjab Barani Tract comprises 13 districtswhich can be broadly grouped into four geographiocal zones: North-East Zone (Narowal, Sialkot, Gujrat), Pothohar Zone (Jehlum, Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Attock), Thal Zone (Khushab, Mianwali, Bhakkar, Layyah), and South-West Zone (DG Khan and Rajanpur). The tract spreads over 18.6 million acres of land and exhibits geographical/ecological diversification on the basis of rainfall, topography, and principal soil types.

The Barani areas face many development challenges, both traditional and new, including low agricultural productivity, limited off-farm employment opportunities, rapid degradation of natural resources, and the threats posed by climate change. The Agency for Barani Areas Development (ABAD) since its establishment in 1978 has implemented several development programs and projects to address these challenges. These efforts were primarily guided by the development vision presented in the Barani Commission Report of 1976 and subsequent Master Plan developed in 1988.This later plan has outlived its life and there is a need to revisit the development paradigm in the Barani areas especially with regard to emerging opportunities (such as CPEC) and threats (such as climate change).

Against this background, the US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Water (US-PCASW) and ABAD have recently launched an initiative aimed at preparing an integrated development plan for the region. Preparation of the plan, among other things, will entail implementing several studies and surveys covering a range of topics, including one on assessment of socio-economic and environmental impacts of past development interventions and policy measures both in agriculture and non-agriculture sectors.

Scope of Work

The US-PCASW needs the services of a consulting firm to undertake a study on assessing the social, economic, and environmental impact of past development interventions and policy measures both in agriculture and non-agriculture sectors in the Barani areas.A tentative list of tasks to be accomplished under this study includes the following. The required information should be collected and analyzed on district basis, to the extent possible.

  1. Provide a synthesis of development interventions (technical and physical) made overtime the agriculture and non-agriculture sectors for social and economic uplifting of Barani districts. Also, provide historical overview of Barani-area specific socioeconomic development and environment management policies.
  2. Assess the impact of these interventions/policies on the livelihoods of local population and natural resources. The impact could be assessed in the form of changes occurred to: poverty/income levels, cropping pattern/intensity, vegetative cover, rangelands, livestock, watersheds, land resources, water resources, biodiversity, farm and non-farm and incomes, education, health, land and water productivity, migration, and land values etc. This is however only an indicative list and can be further expanded and refined by the consultants.
  3. Assess if the development interventions were able to achieve their intended objectives or not? If yes, what lessons have been learned and what good practices have emerged?If not, what were the reasons of failure?
  4. Provide sustainability assessment of development interventions (related to land, water, agriculture, social services infrastructure etc.) made in the past. What had happened to those interventions once the development projects were closed and/or external assistance was withdrawn?
  5. Appraise the role of community-based organizations established in the Barani areas for different purposes (e.g., under NRSP) in developing and implementing development projects? What lessons have been learned and how the role of such organizations could be further strengthened?
  6. Based on above, identify most promising technical, physical and policy interventions which could drive future socioeconomic development of Barani areas with due consideration to the opportunities provided by CPEC and challenges posed by the climate change.

Methodology

A tentative outline of the methodology is provided below.

  • Developing framework for conducting the baseline study.
  • Collecting information and data from secondary sources, including review of literature and development of survey tools.
  • Organizing stakeholder consultations/interviewing key informants (government departments, research institutions, civil society organizations, communities etc.).
  • Processing and analysis of data.
  • Preparation and submission of report.

The consultants will further elaborate on these items in the context of scope of work described above. Since the proposed methodology involves stakeholder consultations and interviews with key informants, the consultants will propose, time, place and structure of these events.

Duration

Total duration for this study is 4 months starting, as soon as possible, but from the date of signing of the agreement.

Deliverables

 The consultants are required to deliver the following reports as per schedule mentioned against each report.

  • Inception Report: An inception report will be due within two week of commencing the assignment. The report should include detailed approach, methodology and work plan.
  • Draft Final Report: The draft final report will be due within 4 months of commencing the study and will comprise main findings of the study consistent with the scope of work defined above.
  • Final Report: Final report will be due within 2 weeks of receiving the commentson the draft report.
  • Stakeholder Workshop Report: To be submitted with the final report.

 Qualifications and Experience

The selected consulting firm/organization should be able to put together a team of development experts with expertise in different sectors such as agriculture, engineering, economics, and land and water management. The study team should have:

  • Good understanding of economic, social and environmental issues in the Barani areas.
  • Proven experience in policy analysis, developing performance indicators, designing field surveys, and conducting project impact assessments and evaluations.
  • Experience in qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis.
  • Excellent analytical and report writing skills.

 

Deadline for Submitting Proposal is 28 February 2018. 

 

For any questions and clarifications:

Contact:

Prof. Dr. Rasool Bux Mahar

Deputy Director (Academics & Research)

[email protected]