Current Situation Analysis

Preparation of an Integrated Development Plan for Barani Areas of the Punjab Terms of Reference for the Study on “Current Situation Analysis”

The Punjab Barani Tract comprises 13 districtswhich can be broadly grouped into fourgeographiocal zones: North-East Zone (Narowal, Sialkot, Gujrat), Pothohar Zone (Jehlum, Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Attock), Thal Zone (Khushab, Mianwali, Bhakkar, Layyah), and South-West Zone (DG Khan and Rajanpur). The tract spreads over 18.6 million acres of land and exhibits geographical/ecological diversification on the basis of rainfall, topography, and principal soil types.

The Barani areas face many development challenges, both traditional and new, including low agricultural productivity, limited off-farm employment opportunities, rapid degradation of natural resources, and the threats posed by climate change. The Agency forBarani Areas Development (ABAD) since its establishment in 1978 has implemented several development programs and projects to address these challenges. These efforts were primarily guided by the development vision presented in the Barani Commission Report of 1976 and subsequent Master Plan developed in 1988.This later plan has outlived its life and there is a need to revisit the development paradigm in the Barani areas especially with regard to emerging opportunities (such as CPEC) and threats (such as climate change).

Against this background, the US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Water (US-PCASW) and ABAD have recently launched an initiative aimed at preparing an integrated development plan for the region. Preparation of the plan, among other things, will entail implementing several studies and surveys covering a range of topics, including one on assessment of current socio-economic and environmentalsituation in the Barani areas.A primary objective of this study is to characterize the baseline/current situation in both quantitative and qualitative forms against which an impact of future development interventions could be monitored.

Scope of Work

The US-PCASW needs the services of a consulting firm to undertake a study on assessment of current socio-economic and environmental situation in the Barani areas.  A tentative list of tasks to be accomplished under this study includes the following. The required information should be collected and analyzed on district basis, to the extent possible.

  1. Describe current conditions with regard to various socioeconomic and environmental variables using data from the secondary sources. This description should involve but not limited to:
    • Physical environment:land cover, geology, climate, meteorology, hydrology etc.
    • Social and cultural environment:population, land use, employment and labor market, sources and distribution of income, and social services infrastructure etc.
    • Economic activities: agriculture, livestock and dairy farming, rangeland management, tourism and leisure activities, mining, and small scale industries etc.
  2. Analyze if the water resource harvesting (e.g., small dams) have contributed towards improving water efficiency and soil management practices. As a result of small dams, was there any shift in the cropping pattern and changes in crop yields or farm incomes?
  3. Analyze current state of agricultural research and support serviceswith reference to the needs of the Barani areas, especially in terms of climate resilient seed varieties, farm management technologies, soil and water management practices etc., and if there had been problems with the adoption of new technologies.
  4. Undertake district/zone wise mapping of on-going/planned development interventions. Are these development schemes consistent with the lessons learned from previous development and policy interventions?
  5. Identify major constraints/challenges (institutional, technical, social, economic etc.) impeding the socioeconomic development of Baraniareas. The presentation must be supported by relevant data and analysis.
  6. Undertake an information management needs assessment, with particular emphasis on the agro-geo based information management system and GIS, for improving knowledge based decision making in management of land and water resources.


A tentative outline of the methodology is provided below.

  • Developing framework for conducting the baseline study.
  • Collecting information and data from secondary sources, including review of literature and development of survey tools.
  • Organizing stakeholder consultations/interviewing key informants (government departments, research institutions, civil society organizations, communities etc.).
  • Processing and analysis of data.
  • Preparation and submission of report.

The consultants will further elaborate on these items in the context of scope of work described above.Since the proposed methodology involves stakeholder consultations and interviews with key informants, the consultants will propose, time, place and structure of these events.

Total duration for this study is 4 months starting,as soon as possible, but from the date of signing of the agreement.



The consultants are required to deliver the following reports as per schedule mentioned against each report.

  • Inception Report: An inception report will be due within two weekof commencing the assignment. The report should include detailed approach, methodology and work plan.
  • Draft Final Report: The draft final report will be due within 4 months of commencing the study and will comprisemain findings of the study consistent with the scope of work defined above.
  • Final Report: Final report will be due within 2weeks of receiving the commentson the draft report.
  • Stakeholder Workshop Report: To be submitted with the final report.

Qualifications and Experience

The selected consulting firm/organization should be able to put together a team of development experts with expertise in different sectors such as agriculture, engineering, economics, and land and water management. The study team should have:

  • Good understanding of economic, social and environmental issues in the Barani areas.
  • Proven experience in policy analysis, developing performance indicators, designing field surveys, and conducting project impact assessments and evaluations.
  • Experience in qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis.
  • Excellent analytical and report writing skills.


Deadline for Submitting Proposal is 04 March 2018. 


For any questions and clarifications:


Prof. Dr. Rasool Bux Mahar

Deputy Director (Academics & Research)

[email protected]